Back pain is one of the most common medical problems of people around the world. Around eight out of ten people will experience a bout of back pain at some point in their lifetime. Many people will simply tolerate the annoyance of the pain but eventually it can be disruptive to a person’s daily activities.
It is often not necessary to see a doctor for back pain as it will usually go away with or without treatment. However any person who is experiencing numbness or tingling, if the pain is severe enough affecting walking and or doesn’t improve with medication or rest, a visit to the doctor is wise. Other problems warranting a doctor’s visit that may be associated along with the back pain include trouble urinating, weakness, pain or numbness in the legs, a fever, or unintentional weight loss.
Causes of back pain
The causes of back pain are usually the result of a medical condition and not a diagnosis itself. This could include the following:
· Mechanical problem such as disk degeneration, muscle tension or spasms or a ruptured or herniated disk.
· An injury possibly from lifting or twisting improperly. Other causes could be osteoporosis or from a serious injury resulting from a fall or accident.
· Infections and tumors however which are rare causes of back pain.
How to keep your back healthy and pain free
· Strengthen back muscles
In order to keep us upright and relieving pressure on the spine, our back muscles must be strong. The stronger they are the more pressure that is reduced and the less pain you will feel.
The way to achieve strong back muscles is to do exercises targeting the muscles of the abdomen, shoulders and legs.
· Stretch back muscles
Keeping back muscles flexible is very important for a healthy, pain-free back. A flexible back helps prevent becoming injured and provides a good range of motion for bending over or lifting something from the ground.
Practice stretching movements for the back by stretching the hamstrings and quadriceps in the thigh and the abductor and gluteus muscles in the hips and buttocks.
· Improve posture by standing and sitting up straight
Good posture goes a long way in preventing back pain. This relieves stress on the back when you stand up straight. Aligning your head with your hips and hips aligned with your feet is considered correct posture.
Exercises that work the upper extremities help improve neck and upper back posture while core and leg exercises enhance lower back posture.
· Avoid heavy lifting
If you do lift something heavy, lift correctly by bending your knees keeping your back straight. This way your leg muscles do most of the work.
· Lose weight if overweight
Carrying excess weight will only put a strain on your back resulting in pain.