Asthma is a chronic lung disease that affects more than 25 million people in the United States. Asthma interferes with breathing by inflaming, thereby narrowing the airways. Asthma is typically characterized by episodes of breathlessness and wheezing. When these episodes are more serious, they are known as asthma attacks. Because the trouble starts from chronic inflammation in the airways that carry air to the lungs, it is good to know how these airways work.
Asthma symptoms vary from person to person. Some people may experience only have symptoms at certain times, and others may have symptoms all the time.
Asthma signs and symptoms include:
· Shortness of breath
· Chest tightness or pain
· Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
· A whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling (wheezing is a common sign of asthma in children)
· Coughing or wheezing attacks that are worsened by a respiratory virus, such as a cold or the flu
Signs that your asthma is probably worsening include:
· Asthma signs and symptoms that are more frequent and bothersome
· Increasing difficulty breathing
· The need to use an inhaler more often
In order to reduce asthma symptoms, you must identify the triggers such as air pollution, allergies, cold air, a cold or flu virus, sinusitis, smoke, or fragrances. By reducing your exposure to any of the factors that trigger your asthma symptoms, you can reduce your asthma symptoms.