Whether you’re a regular consumer of alcoholic beverages or more of a teetotaler, they are a legal substance and can be enjoyed in moderation by adults over the age of 21 who choose to consume them. However, there are many myths surrounding alcoholic beverages than can be harmful to anyone who is not aware of what is true and what isn’t.
First, we need to acknowledge moderation is key when consuming alcoholic beverages. A serving of an alcoholic beverage, commonly called a “drink,” delivers ½ ounce of pure ethanol. Depending on the type of alcoholic beverage will determine what equals a drink:
· Beer – 12 ounces
· Wine – 5 ounces
· Hard liquor (80 proof whiskey, gin, brandy, rum, vodka) – 1 ½ ounce
For men, moderation is defined as no more than two drinks a day and for women, no more than one drink a day. Here are some fallacies associated with alcoholic beverages:
1. Fallacy: Hard liquor is more intoxicating than beer
Fact: False. No matter the amount, whether it’s a 12-ounce bottle of beer, a standard shot of 80-proof liquor (either straight or in a mixed drink) or a 5-ounce glass of wine, the content of alcohol is the same and most likely the effects are too.
2. Fallacy: Having a “drink” can make you feel better or give you a “lift”
Fact: Not so. Alcohol is a depressant and not a stimulant. If you do experience a “lift” it tends to have a short-lived effect.
3. Fallacy: Women can keep up with a man when it comes to drinking
Fact: Don’t believe it. Women absorb and metabolize alcohol differently than men. It’s absorbed more quickly due to their body composition and smaller body size. Men have a higher percent body water content compared to women making it easier for a man to naturally dilute alcohol more efficiently, regardless of their weight. Also an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase which helps to metabolize alcohol, is less active and is not as prevalent in women as it is in men. Trying to keep up with the guys will only get you more intoxicated and impaired.
4. Fallacy: In cold weather, an alcoholic beverage will warm you up
Fact: It’s the reverse. When you drink alcohol, it tends to increase heat loss from the body making you more susceptible to cold.
5. Fallacy: Sexual performance improves with drinking alcohol
Fact: Not true. Alcohol can inhibit parts of the central nervous system necessary for sexual arousal and the more you drink, it can lead to problems achieving an erection. However, drinking in moderation (one to two drinks) can help some people overcome sexual inhibitions.
6. Fallacy: I’ll be able to sober up quickly if I have to
Fact: Depending on your weight, it can take up to 3 hours to eliminate the alcohol content of two drinks. The liver can process about ½ ounce of blood ethanol (one drink’s worth) per hour, depending on the person’s body size, gender, and general health. To lessen hangover symptoms, drinking a lot of water or orange juice to replenish hydration may help. Adding a teaspoon of baking soda to water may relieve queasiness associated with hangovers. Eating something simple like eggs, which contain cysteine, may help with symptoms too. The best cure for sobering up though is time.
7. Fallacy: Red wine protects against heart disease
Fact: Possibly. Research suggests consuming a moderate amount of alcohol – moderate defined as no more than one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men - which includes wine, beer, and hard liquor, may lower the risk of heart disease. The reason for this is moderate amounts of alcohol my help increase the “good” or HDL cholesterol and decrease the “bad” or LDL cholesterol in the body. Moderate amounts may also decrease the risk of blood clotting and possibly lower blood pressure. But, if you currently do not drink alcohol, this does not mean you should take up drinking to achieve heart health. There are healthier ways to reduce heart disease such as eating a nutrient-dense diet, increase exercise and eliminate smoking.
8. Fallacy: Alcohol is really not that fattening
Fact: Just the opposite. Alcoholic drinks can be more fattening than nonalcoholic drinks. Alcohol contains 7 calories per gram. When your body has to contend with metabolizing both fat and alcohol, your body will store the fat and rids itself of the alcohol by using it for energy. So, alcohol actually promotes fat storage particularly in the central abdominal area giving you a “beer belly” often seen in moderate drinkers.
9. Fallacy: It doesn’t matter how much alcohol you drink as it doesn’t affect your nutritional status
Fact: Very untrue. The more alcohol you drink, the less likely you’ll eat enough food to obtain adequate nutrients. Have you ever seen a “healthy” looking alcoholic? Alcohol contains calories but has few nutrients and replaces eating nutritious foods from the diet. It also impairs nutrient absorption that can cause a deficiency of the B vitamins thiamine and folate.
10. Fallacy: It’s ok to drink on an empty stomach
Fact: Totally untrue. “Don’t drink on an empty stomach” is a true statement and everyone should abide by this when drinking alcohol. Eating food before or with a drink slows down the rush of alcohol into the bloodstream. Food, especially if it contains fat, delays emptying of the stomach into the small intestine. This delay allows time for enzymes in the stomach to work on digesting the contents. Having food within the stomach also helps to dilute and lower the concentration of alcohol and slows the rate of absorption of it.
All of us have to decide as individuals whether we choose to drink alcohol or not. If those who choose to consume alcoholic beverages would always do so in moderation, we would not have the problems often associated with them. The best and surest way to avoid the harmful effects of alcohol is to decline and restrict your intake of these beverages. And remember, if you do choose to drink, always do so with care and only in moderation.